Calamus is a semi-evergreen, perennial herb found in damp, swampy areas. It has bright-green leaves. It is also called sweet flag. Calamus is a native plant in India and central Asia, southern Russia and Siberia. In foods, Calamus is used as a spice.
Chicory is a native plant in the Mediterranean region which belongs to the dandelion family. It is also known as a blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors, blueweed, bunk, coffee weed. Chicory may be cultivated for its leaves, usually eaten raw as salad leaves. The root has been cultivated in Europe as a coffee substitute.
Gentiana is a genus of plants with many species which occur in alpine habitats in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. The name Gentian is derived from the name of a king Gentius who has first identified the plant. Gentian Root is mainly used to make alcoholic beverages.
Great Water Dock is a plant native to Europe and North America which grows near ponds, ditches, by riversides and canals. It is also known as giant water dock or just water dock. Its root contains many minerals, flavonoids, tannins and it is rich in vitamin C.
Rhodiola is a plant which grows in cold regions of Europe and Asia (high-altitude arctic parts). Other names of Rhodiola are arctic root, golden root, king's crown, and rose root. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant in Iceland, Sweden, Russia.
Rhubarb is a vegetable which comes from Himalayas but now grows widely in Europe and is available throughout much of the year. It is also called sweet round-leaved dock or pieplant. Rhubarb has been used for a variety of purposes for hundreds of years in Chinese traditions. Nowadays, it is used widely in cuisine (puddings).
Spiny Restharrow is a European plant that grows mostly in forests and on roadsides and in dry meadows. The fresh root emits a strong “goaty” odour. The plant is rich in calcium and potassium. It also contains flavonoids and small amounts of essential oil.
Valerian is a native plant in Europe and Asia. The root portion has been used in traditional medicine for at least 2,000 years.
Tormentil is a plant that grows wild in Scandinavia and Western Asia, known also as septfoil or erect cinquefoil or shepherd's knapper. It is very common in grasslands, heaths, moors, and mountains. The plant is particularly used in herbal medicine as an astringent because of its tannin content.
Wood Avens in a native plant to Europe, western Asia and north Africa. It grows in woods and hedgerows, especially path edges. The plant is spotted mainly in areas affected by human activity. The rhizomes are collected for their essential oil which are used in decoction or liquid extracts. Other names of plantinclude: Herb bennet, city avens, way bennet,...
Burnet Saxifrage Root, known also as Burnet-Saxifrage, Solidstem Burnet Saxifrage, Lesser Burnet is a plant native of the British Isles and temperate Europe and Western Asia. The species have been introduced and naturalized in New Zealand and North America. The root has a spice-like odour and a sharp, bitter taste.
Fuller’s Teasel (Dipsacus L.) is also known under the names teasel, teazel or teazle. Teasel is a species of flowering plant native to Eurasia and North Africa. The Teasel is often grown in gardens and encouraged on some nature reserves to attract the birds. Fuller’s Teasel historically has been seen wide use in textile processing. Nowadays, Fuller’s...